1901 - Federation of Australia. Aboriginal people not recognised at all in the constitution - they are denied citizenship. The White Australia Policy was the first Act of the Federal Parliment.
1920 - the Aboriginal population estimated to be at its lowest. Down from an estimated 300 - 750,000 in the late 1770's to about 60,000.
1936 - the Assimilation Policy formalised. Aboriginal people were to be assimilated into white Australia - those that did not conform were segregated from society. The future of Aborigines were decided by their Aboriginal Protectors.
- were banned from the streets after 6pm
- required to get leave permits to visit nearby towns
1967 - Referendum - The Australian Consitution recognises Aboriginals and Torres Straight Islanders as Australian citizens. They now have the righ to vote. Prior to this any census on Aboriginals was done alongside flora and fauna surveys.
1972 - the Aboriginal tent embassy set up in Canberra in protest of Federal inaction on Aboriginal issues. The NSW Director-General of Education approved the withdrawal of the section of the Teacher's Handbook which dealt with Principles rights to refuse enrolment to Aboriginal children because of home conditions or substantial oppostition from the community.
1992 - Mabo descision that overturned the concept of Terra Nullius.
While covering these confronting facts in the morning sessions, we were able to explore more of the local Dubbo Aboriginal culture and connections to land by exploring for samples of worked stones..